Tooth extraction is performed when patients suffer from broken, cracked, excessively decayed tooth, advanced gum disease or have tooth which cannot be salvaged with filling or root canal. Tooth extraction may also be indicated during orthodontic (braces) treatment to create space, allowing alignment of your teeth.Before tooth extraction, our dentist will perform a dental examination. It may be aided with an X-ray to allow our dentist evaluate the internal aspects of the tooth, root and bone surrounding it. Our dentist will then formulate a diagnosis as to whether the tooth should be extracted. Tooth extraction may be performed under local, sedation or general anesthetic.
Most extractions do not cause much discomfort. Our dentist may prescribe pain killers or antibiotics. Initial healing takes at least 2 weeks but most swelling and bleeding stop within 1-2 days after extraction. If bleeding does not stop, bite firmly on gauze for 15-20 minutes. If this treatment does not stop the bleeding, contact our dentist immediately. You can use ice packs to reduce any swelling and pain and a warm compress if your jaw feels sore and stiff after the swelling subsides. Gently rinse around that area with one-quarter teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water 24 hours after extraction. Do this every 4 hours or more often if needed. Rest at home and eat soft foods. Avoid any vigorous activity, smoking for 2 weeks or using a straw as these will disrupt the blood clot which can cause more bleeding or a dry socket.